Political Theory Placement Candidates
Madeline Cronin is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of Political Science. She recently completed a visiting instructorship at Loyola University in Maryland. Her current research examines relationships between contemporary politics and eighteenth-century debates about the role that cultivated taste should play in political judgment and civic education.
Cronin’s dissertation—“The Politics of Taste: Mary Wollstonecraft and Jane Austen on the Cultivation of Democratic Judgment”—turns to eighteenth-century thinkers for whom cultivated taste (an inclination to take pleasure in the right things, people, and conduct) was essential to both moral and political judgment. Mary Wollstonecraft and Jane Austen present a common critique of contemporaries such as David Hume and Edmund Burke who treat elevated taste as an indicator of progress and cultivated taste as a potential solution to problems of democracy. In doing so they offer unique perspective on contemporary debates in which taste is arguably a more central concern than is acknowledged--debates about the future of higher education, just access to healthy food, and the nature of truly civil discourse and public speech. Their criticisms of the class and gender based assumptions found in Hume’s theory of taste indicate why, in contemporary discourse, taste formation might be seen is as irrelevant or even detrimental to an egalitarian civic education. Yet, they also indicate ways in which justifications for judgments of taste might be essential to civic education because these inclinations inevitably shape what we deem worthy of study or conducive to civil discourse.
Cronin’s other research projects include an investigation of the role of Shame in Machiavelli’s political thought, and a comparison of Mary Wollstonecraft’s account of human as opposed to female modesty and Catherine McKinnon’s feminist arguments against the legality of pornography.
Teaching Expertise: Modern, American, and ancient political thought; capitalism and globalization (early modernity to present); feminist political thought; international relations; human rights; contemporary political thought; literature and politics.
Research Interests: Wollstonecraft, Hume, feminism, cosmopolitanism and localism, virtue ethics, republicanism, colonialism, human rights.
Karie Cross Riddle
Karie Cross Riddle is a Postdoctoral fellow in Peace Studies and Political Science at the University of Notre Dame. She graduated from Notre Dame in August 2017 with fields in political theory and comparative politics. Before pursuing a PhD at Notre Dame, Karie earned a Master of Public Policy in International Development from the University of Maryland.
Karie's interdisciplinary work draws from major literatures in peace studies, political theory, and comparative politics, emphasizing themes of women's agency, the gendered aspects of peace and conflict, the meaning of peace, ethnic identity, and social movements. Her dissertation, "Defining Critical Feminist Justpeace: Women's Peacebuilding Praxis and Feminist Political Thought," explores the fruitful nexus between women's peacebuilding practices in Manipur, India, and liberal and critical feminism. Entering an on-going debate in peace studies about "the liberal peace"-- top-down, UN-led initiatives that focus on ceasefires, elections, and market liberalization-- Karie offers the ethnography- and feminist theory-informed concept of critical feminist justpeace as a promising alternative. Taking women's peacebuilding experiences and the insights of liberal and critical feminism together, we see that disruptive power hierarchies, even within movements for peace, tend to harm opportunities for constructive social change. The feminist tool of political intersectionality is particularly helpful for seeing and mitigating such hierarchies and producing a more lasting, gender-just peace.
Mark Hoipkemier is the Tocqueville Program Postdoctoral Teaching Fellow at Notre Dame, having earned his Ph.D. in Political Science from Notre Dame in May 2017. His areas of specialization are political theory and public law, and his research centers on the Aristotelian tradition, the politics of the economy, and the history of republican thought. Before coming to Notre Dame, he graduated from Dartmouth College and studied as a Fulbright Scholar at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Mark’s dissertation, “The Political Economy of Common Goods,” presents the Aristotelian concept of common good as indispensable for both the empirical and normative analysis of the nexus between politics and economics, because common goods are baked right in to social reality. At its most basic, the idea of common good is that communities are real agents in the political world with their own goods and goals, which emerge from interaction. Social teleology—a community’s embodied orientation towards some vision of its own flourishing—is shaped by the members of any community and shapes them in turn, for good or ill. This is just as true of modern liberal communities as it was of ancient polity, so the dissertation employs the structure of common goods to analyze three key players in today’s political economy: corporations, markets, and liberal politics itself. The lens of common good shows that liberal regimes and corporations cannot aim solely at the good of individuals, as they purport to do; they always have their own emergent goods, which must factor into debates about their justice. But markets, despite their economic efficiency, lack common goods of their own; they are instituted to promote political ends without generating community. Once we see where social teleology empirically applies in our politics or economics, we are in a position to debate, not whether we want common goods, but rather which ones. Portions of the dissertation have been published as research articles in Polity and Journal of Critical Realism.
Mark's working papers set the common good in conversation with public goods economics, with urban design, and with immigration policy. His secondary research line is on republicanism, specifically Machiavelli and his American reception, on the matter of political institutions and culture. From this line have appeared an article on Machiavelli’s account of ambition (forthcoming in Political Studies), a book chapter on Lincoln and Machiavelli (under review), and a working paper on Machiavelli and the anti-/Federalists.
Mark is prepared to teach courses in ancient, modern, and American political thought, constitutional law, Islamic law and politics, citizenship and immigration, and PPE (politics, philosophy, and economics). While at Notre Dame, he has taught/will teach “Radical Islam and Islamic Political Thought,” “Markets and Their Critics,” “Truth and Democracy” and introductory courses in political theory and American government.