A new book by political scientist and peace studies scholar Daniel Philpott makes the case for forgiveness and reconciliation as a way to achieve justice and lasting peace after violent conflict.
Just and Unjust Peace: An Ethic of Political Reconciliation, recently released by Oxford University Press, explores the concept of reconciliation, which is deeply rooted in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, as well as in the secular restorative justice movement.
“Many societies across the globe are dealing with wounds left by war, genocide, dictatorship, or other wounds,” says Philpott, who is associate professor of political science and peace studies at the University of Notre Dame and on the faculty of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.
“By promoting a process of dialogue among victims and offenders, political reconciliation brings a community that was once at war to a place where people respect one another as citizens and commit themselves to civility.”
To write the book, Philpott drew upon his two decades of field research in Bosnia, central Africa, and Kashmir.
“What has surprised me the most is the degree to which ordinary people practice reconciliation after facing some of the most horrible things you can imagine,” he says. “I did not expect the great extent to which people were willing to forgive or reconcile.”
Often, political reconciliation is only partially achieved, Philpott says, although in some cases, most notably South Africa, it has been achieved dramatically.
“Under the leadership of Archbishop Tutu, a religious leader who reached into his own tradition to speak about reconciliation, many South Africans found healing through truth and reconciliation commissions that enabled them to tell their stories,” Philpott says.
Philpott directs the Kroc Institute’s Religion and Reconciliation research program. His book is the second volume in the Oxford University Press “Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding” series, edited by R. Scott Appleby, John Paul Lederach, and Philpott, all of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. The first volume in the series is Strategies of Peace: Transforming Conflict in a Violent World, by Daniel Philpott and Gerard F. Powers.
“Daniel Philpott is quite simply the best at what he does, namely, bringing normative commitments and empirical sophistication to bear at the most vital issues of our day where religion and public life, both domestic and international, are concerned,” writes Jean Bethke Elshtain, the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Professor of Social and Political Ethics at the University of Chicago’s Divinity School. “Everything he writes deserves careful attention, and he is at his best in Just and Unjust Peace.”
“Just and Unjust Peace is easily the most thorough and vigorous defense presently available of the view that peacemaking, after a period of massive political injustice, should aim not just at punishing offenders but at that far more comprehensive state of affairs that Philpott calls ‘political reconciliation,’ writes Nicholas Wolterstorff, the Noah Porter Emeritus Professor of Philosophical Theology at Yale University.